Due to the sheer number of chair styles, we have chosen only the more popular and collectible items. Italian Tall Slat-Back Armchair. Its popularity rose dramatically after the Protestant Reformation, as the chairs were plain in style, a trait valued by early Protestants.
Damp floors, wood worms and ill usage have taken their toll on all original sets. In the s, synthetic materials such as upholstery foam and fiberfill entered the scene. This is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. To provide a better website experience, dengarden. Provenance is the custodial history of the antique.
The head is usually round or rectangular but sometimes has an off-center notch. Google provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. The gently curved back and cabriole legs of chairs first used in the Queen Anne period in England remained popular for half a century. There is some detective work to be done if you want to really ensure that the antique is real, and a qualified inspector should be hired if you're spending any appreciable sum of money. Unlike most antique chairs corner chairs are usually found singly rather than pairs or sets.
Antique Abalone Inlay Cane Chairs. In the s, this stamp was often placed under the seat or inside a back leg. This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. French Scallop Carved Distressed Armchair.
This is because the they were subject to weather and moisture and the legs were typically trimmed to cut away the rot. In the early part of the period, nail-makers cut them by hand from a sheet of iron. The posts of the chair are perpendicular to each other and were usually turned, or rounded, on a lathe.
Iron ore and carbon heated together and then cooled created wrought iron, from which a nail length piece was cut and hammered on four sides to create a point. Today, if you run into these somewhat tall antique chairs you will probably notice that they're not very consistent in the height of the seat. When the Puzzle Pieces Don't Fit To determine if missing nails were antique or if they have been replaced with modern nails, look closely at the shape of the hole and the color of the wood around it. That said, it is important to realize that skilled craftsmen are building furniture by hand even today so you'll want to continue to investigate the age of the piece using at least one other method.
Likewise, if the legs, arms, posts, slats or seat have been replaced the value is diminished. Several good books covering early American furniture history are available online or at local bookstores. Antique Clocks and their History. Chair backs became higher and had curved tops, arms were sometimes upholstered, seats were wider, and woodwork was finely carved and gilded or painted. If your piece is seeing this darkening effect, you're safe to assume that the piece is at least years old.
If there is a particular collectible or antique you are interested in, suggest it to us. How to Determine the Age of Antique Furniture. Original versions are still found in antique stores and auctions.
Antique furniture styles are still in use today and many reproductions exist. Antique Upholstered Furniture. Others sat on stools and benches.
- Once lacquer hits the century mark it tends to turn quite dark.
- Determining the age of antiques is half the fun!
- Today, these classic chairs are desirable pieces for antique collectors.
Later, machine did the cutting, but nails were still made one at a time. How to Identify the Age of Furniture by the Nails. Once prominent in parlors and front porches, it was demoted to kitchens, second bedrooms, or even attics. She enjoys exploring foreign locales and hiking off the beaten path stateside, free snapping pics of wildlife and nature instead of selfies. This is one of the easiest ways to provide a fairly accurate date stamp to any antique.
Antique Chair Cheat Sheet
The slats, usually two to six in number, are connected to the straight back posts with a mortise and tenon joint. Chairs as we know them have been around since at least the s. Easy to see the early stool in antique chairs later isn't it? But, it is important to determine which type of wood is most prevalent in your antique to help determine the age. While you may not have an example as extreme as that sitting in your garage, your dating you never know what you may unearth as you determine the age and value of your antique.
- Tips on Buying and Selling Antique Furniture.
- The most expensive antique furniture piece sold in recent years was a Badminton cabinet that was crafted during the Medici years in Florence.
- This supports the Maven widget and search functionality.
English Walnut Queen Anne Chairs. The chair came across the Atlantic with the early American colonists. Refinishing or reupholstering depreciates the value. In Tudor England the chair for the master of the house had a heavy boxlike frame and was placed on a dais in the great hall. In Italy many pieces of furniture were the work of sculptors, the most outstanding of whom was Andrea Brustolon.
Online Home Store for Furniture Decor Outdoors & More
Like restorers of historical buildings, you can identify the period by the technology used to create the nails and unlock the past of furniture. But because of their smooth shape, modern nails have less holding power than hand-forged or cut nails. To determine if missing nails were antique or if they have been replaced with modern nails, look closely at the shape of the hole and the color of the wood around it. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
To proceed please verify that you are not a robot
Hand-hammered nails, dating from the s or earlier, leave a square hole with an irregular impression at the top from a hammered head. Combining this dating process with several other techniques will help you make an accurate age determination. When dating a piece of antique furniture, one of the most important clues to its history is often overlooked. The closer the ladderback chair is to its original state, the more valuable it is. Ladderbacks are a common chair.
The seats were corded or dished hollowed in wood and topped with a pad or cushion. HubPages Inc, a part of Maven Inc. Before that, the chair was essentially a stool with a back, and only the head of the house or the upper echelon of society sat in them. Real lacquer changes color after time. Antique Country Furniture.
Determine the Age of Antique Furniture
Be First to Discover
Antique ladderbacks are a graceful addition to almost any decor. Fixed upholstery sometimes replaced loose cushions and after woven cane-work - introduced from the East Indies - was fashionably seen on the seats, and often the backs too, of most chairs. The classic version features a high back and a woven rush seat.
The seat, of plaited cord, was supported on sharply curved sabre-shaped legs, tapering to the feet. Look for differences in nail styles within a piece of furniture if you suspect two or more pieces from different sources have been joined into a composite piece. Reproductions Antique furniture styles are still in use today and many reproductions exist. For example, a chair that is supposedly original, free unrefinished and from the s should not smell like fresh varnish or upholstery.
Cut nails leave a more rectangular hole and around or rectangular head. Antique stools, the predecessor to chairs, were typically made in sets, but it is rare to find them even in pairs today. Look at images of chairs similar to yours online if you are unsure when your chair was manufactured.
Antique Ladder Back Chairs
Possibly, dating you have a Federal or American Empire piece. This is one of the quickest and most definitive ways to accurately determine the age of an antique piece of furniture. These are an often overlooked method of determining the age of an antique the builder is telling you when it was constructed! Look for authentically worn or distressed stamps or manufacturer burn marks.